How To Make Mochi In 7 Easy Steps

By Donald Ash | How-to

Mochi is probably one of the chewiest Japanese foods you can possibly eat. In its hot, ground, raw form, I think someone could replace Spiderman’s web cartridges with mochi, and Spidey wouldn’t even be able to tell the difference.

What is Mochi?

Mochi Pounding in Japna

Making mochi at my kindergarten in Yokohama, Japan.

Some dictionaries define mochi as a “Japanese rice cake,” but after seeing how it’s made I’d have to say it’s a little different than that.

Although there are some rather delicious rice cakes made from mochi, it’s more like a sticky dough made from glutinous rice. This “dough” is used to make the rice cakes, it’s sold in blocks, and is used to make a number of other Japanese dishes. A very tasty example of a mochi dish is shiruko (おしるこ), a soup made from sweet, red adzuki beans with small cubes of mochi mixed in.

With this delicacy being as big a part of Japanese culture as it is, let’s take a look at how to make mochi!

Mochi Ingredients

1. Mochigome – This is the MOST IMPORTANT ingredient. I thought that you could make mochi just by using regular rice, but that’s not true. Mochi is made using this special, glutinous rice called mochigome.

Raw Mochigome

This is uncooked mochigome, the special gutinous rice that you use to make mochi.

2. Water– Seems like a simple ingredient, but the water serves two very important purposes: 1) to get the mochi consistency you want, 2) to keep mochi from getting stuck to mallets, mortars and pestles.

mochigome and water

Hot mochigome and water are the primary ingriedients you’ll need to make mochi.

Mochitsuki Tools

1. Seirou– A wooden box steamer used to cook mochigome and keep it hot.

Woden steam boxes

The Seirou ( ) Wooden steam boxes used to keep the mochigome hot until it’s time for the pounding process.

2. Usu– Large Wooden Mortars. These super heavy, wooden mortars will keep your mochi stable as you hammer it. Do they have to be made of wood? Not at all, but in the traditional, Japanese mochizuki events, the tools are made of wood. These mortars were so heavy it took two to three people just to turn them one side to roll them to their starting positions.

Mortar for making mochi

The Usu (臼/うす)- The heaviest mortar I’ve ever seen. It takes 2-3 people just to turn it over and roll it. But heavy & sturdy is what you need when you you start pounding the mochigome.

3. Kine– The mighty, wooden, mochi hammer. These are used to pound/grind glutinous rice into its stickier, mochi form.
When we were making mochi, we started grinding the mochigome using a stick type of kine, but I think these are optional.

Mochi Hammer - Kine

Kine (杵/きね)-You could call it a pestle of sorts. But kine are the heavy wooden hammers that are used to pound mochigome into the chewy mochi that we know and love.

Wooden mochitsuki tools

Different types of kine (きね). The kine sticks are optional, but we used them to start the grinding/softening process before hammering.

4. A Sumo wrestler? – Okay, so maybe you don’t need a sumo wrestler, but it definitely made the mochitsuki at our school that much more exciting. With sumo wrestlers being as strong as they are, the can really come in handy later. I’m sure you’ll see why. keep reading 😉

Sumo wrestlers at a mochitsuki

The sumo wrestlers and I just before the mochitsuki began. Nice guys. Incredibly strong.


Step One– Steam the mochigome until it softens. Keep it hot!
In our particular case, we used seriou (蒸籠/せいろう/steaming baskets) as we are making mochi for an entire school and will need to quickly be able to add hot mochigome to our wooden mortars.
Step Two– Add hot, glutinous rice (mochigome) to the wooden mortar.
Step Three– Add water and quickly begin to grind the mochigome with the wooden pestles, and or wooden hammers.
Step Four– Add water & knead the water into the mochi (like kneading dough).
Step Five– Hammer the mochi like a madman, but pace yourself.
Step Six– Have another person to add water and quickly knead water into the mochi between each strike (PLEASE BE CAREFUL HERE! See troubleshooting tips at the end of this post)
Step Seven– Repeat steps 5 & 6 over and over until you get the mochi consistency you want.

Where You Can Make Mochi

This year I had the pleasure of making mochi at my kindergarten for the very first time. I’m not sure if all secondary schools have this ceremony, as I’ve never taught Japanese high school, but I know most elementary schools and kindergartens make mochi via a school-wide, mochizuki ceremony.


Mochitsuki is the traditional process of making/pounding mochi. If we look at the kanji for mochitsuki, it combines the kanji for mochi (餅) and for “pounding”(搗き-tsuki) to give you mochitsuki (餅搗き).

This is without a doubt one of the biggest events I’ve seen during the school year.

I had no classes to teach on this particular day. I walked into the youchien (幼稚園/ようちえん/kindergarten) to find all of the kids wearing aprons and bandanas; a cute bunch of miniature cooks. I also saw that all of the staff members were decked out in bandanas and aprons. 

As I walked into the shokuinshitsu (職員室/しょくいんしつ/staff room), I was offered the choice of a Hello Kitty apron or turquoise green one. As much as I wanted to be funny and wear the Hello Kitty one, I decided to go with the turquoise instead.

Holding a mochi hammer

It was hard to resist the urge to clown around a bit. Hey, somebody has the boost morale after all that swinging.

The ceremony began with parent introductions. There were even two sumo wrestlers from a local stable who came to help out (yes, they’re actually called sumo stables). Once everything was all set up, My principal gave me tips on hammering technique, then he actually demonstrated! My principal, in his 70’s, put all of us younger guys to shame. He grabbed that hammer and showed that mochigome who was boss!

In my very first hammering session I was paired up with my principal. He was going to add water to the mochi as I would, carefully, hammer the mochigome. I picked up the largest hammer I could find and was surprised at how heavy it was. I don’t know how true this is, but it felt heavier than a sledgehammer to me. Despite the weight, hammering was exciting!

With each swing I imagined that I was famous folk hero, John Henry. But instead of being a steel-driving man I was a mochi-driving man. I pounded, and pounded, and pounded some more. When my hammering technique started to get sloppy, the tell-tale sign of mochi-pounding fatigue, I tag-teamed with one of the kindergarten dads.

We hammered until all of the mochi was done. Afterwards, the dads, the principal and I sat down for a mochi feast:

Mochi Dishes

All of the mochi dishes were pretty darn tasty. But the mochi made with kinako powder (soybean powder mixed with sugar) was my absolute favorite. I have a bit of a sweet tooth.

This was chance to sit down after a hard day’s work with some good people, eat some tasty mochi, and have some green tea. The Japanese practice was good, too!

This ceremony was so different from a sports day, but I can see exactly why it’s such a big part of Japanese culture. 
I don’t know about you guys, but I think the idea is brilliant. The mochizuki event is a great chance for teachers, moms, dads, kids, the principal, and other staff members to come together. The kids cheer the dads and teachers on as they take up gigantic wooden mochi mallets, and sweat it out as they pound that mochi into gooey submission.

It didn’t feel like a school event. It felt like a family event.


The Japan Guy With a Mochi Hammer

This was one of the heavier hammers, but it wasn’t the heaviest one. Pounding mochi is a little tougher than it looks.

Choose a hammer that you can manage
When making mochi, the thing that I really didn’t account for was just how heavy the biggest wooden mallets were. I ended up using this one. Why? Because I wanted the challenge. If you’re not trying to turn your mochitsuki station into the latest version of P90X, please keep in mind there are different mallet sizes.

Muscle pain
Making mochi is great fun, but it’s not as easy as you think it might be. When your forearms, hands and shoulders tire out (and if it’s your first time, they probably will) you can just pass the hammer off to someone else. Having a mochizuki buddy makes things much easier.

The Swing
There is a swinging technique you have to get used to. When your hammer comes down, the idea is for your hammer to hit the mochigome straight. When you make a direct hit, it will almost sound like slapping a tubful of water.

If you come down at a strange angle your hammer will wobble as you strike. This will make it a little tougher to get a good pounding rhythm going, making the the pounding process take longer.

Be careful of the person who is adding water to the mochi you’re making. He or she will be constantly folding water into the mochi between your swings. You don’t want to smash their hands do you? What? You do?!? Oh my God! YOU MONSTER!!

Mochi is incredible sticky. I knew that, but I didn’t realize how much I’d be eating that day. When consuming large amounts of mochi, be sure to have plenty water and or hot tea available.

Have You Ever Made Mochi?

If so, was it tough? Was it fun? I’d love hear what it was like for you! Please comment below


Sumo wrestler making mochi

The kindergarten kids really had a blast. For many of them, much like me, this was their first mochitsuki. So I can only imagine how excited they must’ve been.


About the Author

Donald Ash is an Atlanta, Georgia-born, American expat who has been living in a Japanese time warp for the last eleven years. While in that time warp, he discovered that he absolutely loves writing, blogging, and sharing. Donald is the creator of blog. Wanna know more about this guy? Check out his "What's Your Story" page.

  • DL says:

    I am so disappointed Donald, the caption in the last picture NEEDS to be: “GET IN MAH BELLY!”

    • thejapanguy says:

      You are too funny, dude! 😀 After meeting the guy, and him being so cool and all, I didn’t have the heart to do it, DL.

  • Michelle says:

    I just discovered your website! I love the pictures..they are hilarious! But, looks like so much fun!! I have
    been obsessed with Japanese culture for over 20 years! Its my dream to live there one day, but right now
    I have been living in Austria from the states for almost 3 years..but if I can convince my bf to go with me after
    I finish my art school here..(4 years left!) I was considering of trying to live in Japan for 1 year to see if I can
    handle it. My plan is to save money within the 4 years and learn as much Japanese as possible. At the moment
    I know basics and watch lots of Japanese tv variety shows and dramas. I want to expand my knowledge of the language
    because I think its so beautiful. I was wondering if you know anything about taking on a apprenticeship in Japan as an
    Artist? I always wanted to study Japanese pottery techniques also! Thanks in advance..! 🙂

    • thejapanguy says:

      Hey Michelle! Thank you so much for the positive feedback, it seriously makes me feel all warm and fuzzy inside.
      Sounds like you’re really interested in coming here. That’s a good thing. The people who want to come to Japan badly enough always do. It’s also cool that you’re picking up so much of the culture overseas.

      An apprenticeship as an artist? Hmm, you’ve got me on that one. I haven’t looked into it so much. But if I’m not mistaken I think I know one teacher who used to work as an anime artist, but I’d have to track him down. That’s a really good question. I wonder what his experiences were like…

  • Fran Ferran says:

    This looks like a lot of fun and I’m kind of envious right now. Good job for not pounding anyone on your first try..:-)

  • Kristi says:

    🙂 I wanted to let you know that I put a link of this article to my website… Check it out if you’d like, or don’t. XD But just wanted to give you a heads up!

  • Jill says:

    Hello Donald, really enjoying some of your articles! 🙂

  • Sofia says:

    Hi! I just subscribed to your YouTube channel and now I’m surfing through your website. It’s really well done and organized, and full of fun and useful stuff!!!
    I’ve been learning how to make some Japanese dishes and the other day I made Dango, it’s similar to mochi (it’s Michiko flour and tofu, with sauce). Really looking forward to reading the articles 🙂

  • >